What is Ramadan?
The month of Ramadan is the holiest month of the Islamic year as this was when the Qur’an was revealed to the Prophet Muhammed. Muslims around the world fast during daylight hours although there are a few exceptions such as the old or sick. Muslims also increase spiritual devotional acts such as prayer and strengthening family ties.
Ramadan 2023 is expected to begin on the eve of Wednesday 22 March following the sighting of the moon over Mecca.
When Does Ramadan Start?
The eve of Wednesday 22 March
How Long is Ramadan?
29 – 30 day dependent on moon sightings of Eid al-Fitr
When Does Ramadan End?
Friday 21 April 2023
When Is Laylat al-Qadr?
On or around Tuesday 18 April 2023
When is Eid al-Fitr?
The evening of Friday 21 April 2023 – dependant on moon sightings
What is the Reason for Fasting or Sawn?
Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam.
Fasting plays an important role in many major religions and is a central feature in all the Abrahamic faiths; Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In Islam, Muslims are asked to fast during Ramadan and other times of the year too.
A key objective of fasting is to engender a sense of gratitude, self-discipline, and self-improvement as well as the closeness to God. This is called taqwa. The breaking of fast meal at sunset encourages families and local communities to share their meals. This is called iftar.
Laylat al-Qadr (Arabic: “Night of Power”):
Islamic festival that commemorates the night on which God first revealed the Qur’an to the Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel. It is believed to have taken place on one of the final 10 nights of Ramadan in 610 CE, though the exact night is unclear.
Eid al-Fitr (Festival of Breaking the Fast):
This is the first of the two Eids of the Islamic (lunar) calendar year. It is a religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of the month-long dawn-to-sunset fasting of Ramadan. This religious Eid is the only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims are not permitted to fast.
Ramadan at Home
Ramadan will be the second year that it will be a very different experience due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Instead of there being taraweeh prayers at the mosque or outside homes, these may be done online either pre-recorded or live. Virtual iftars with loved ones and community members may take place.
Remember to take regular breaks from work, perhaps around salaah (prayer) times. You may be able to start work earlier so you can have some downtime prior to iftar.
Advice for Employers and Managers
Some employees will be abstaining from food and drinks for up to 17 hours so may experience mild dehydration, causing headaches, tiredness, and a lack of concentration.
Be aware and open to discussing Ramadan and do not assume all employees want to be treated differently because they are fasting.
Be accommodating around annual leave requests, especially toward the end of Ramadan to celebrate Eid (holiday marking the end of Ramadan).
Allow workers to have regular breaks for afternoon prayers as needed (Dhuhr and Asr) if requested.